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Let’s face it, we are all made different, and it is our differences that make us unique. This same thinking applies to dogs as well. Some are stout like the Rottweiler, high maintenance like the Chow Chow dog, or very outgoing people like the Golden Retriever. Similarly, dogs have different temperaments towards their ability to tolerate the heat. There are reasons why you would rarely see an Akita in August on a hot, Charleston day. They are not meant for the heat! If you are looking to adopt a new dog or already have one, it is important to research the breed to know if they can withstand long walks or trips to the beach during these summer months. Read below to learn more about the breeds of dogs that do not do well in this Charleston heat during the summer.

Brachycephalic Breeds 

You may be wondering what a brachycephalic breed is exactly. Although they sound rare, they are actually very common. Brachycephalic dogs have flat faces and short noses which makes it difficult to breathe properly in hotter temperatures, and even more difficult to pant. Most of these breeds usually snore when they’re sleeping. When the temperature is hot inside, it is best to keep these dogs inside because they are very prone to heat exhaustion and heatstroke. These breeds include:

  • Pugs
  • Boxers
  • Bulldogs
  • Boston Terriers
  • Shih Tzu’s

Breeds with Thick Hair 

Dogs with thick fur are usually bred with the intention of them being in cold-specific areas. In cold climates, they usually have responsibilities like pulling a slay or hunting where thick fur is needed for insulation. This is why these breeds usually have a tough time in the hot sun because their insulating coats of fur actually make them more susceptible to heat stress. It is advised not to cut their coats though because of potential damage from the sun. If they have to go out in the sun for long periods of time, it is best to make sure they are well hydrated before, during, and after the activity. It’s also important to be sure they are brushed regularly to keep their fur cool. These breeds include:

  • Akitas
  • Pekingese
  • Chow Chow
  • Chinese Imperial Dogs
  • American Eskimo Dogs 
  • Yakutian Laika’s 
  • Alaskan Malamutes

Breeds with Long Hair 

Similar to breeds with thick fur, dogs with long hair are not their best in the summer heat. It is best to keep these dogs hydrated as much as possible. You are allowed to give them a trim but do not shave their coat completely. They need protection from harmful sun rays. These dogs include:

  • Shih Tzus
  • Samoyed
  • Japanese Chin
  • Siberian Husky

Other Breeds to Consider

You have to take into consideration dogs who are prone to be overweight as well. Dogs prone to becoming obese include; Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, and Pekingese. It’s best to keep their weight regulated through moderate indoor exercise or when it is cooler outside. Other types of dogs that you want to monitor closely outside include senior dogs. As time progresses, so does their ability to tolerate the heat.

Most animal lovers in Charleston enjoy being outdoors with our furry family members. Be sure to keep the breed of your pup and the increased temperatures of your area into consideration. Help your pup beat the heat!

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